Monday, April 27, 2009

One Image Round Corners

I'd like to share with you some fancy idea how you make easily maintainable css-based round corners on your pages. It's quite a common feature those days and if you don't know how to do that it might be quite a headache.

The Idea

The idea is pretty simple. You create an image which contains all four of your box corners. Usually it's just a small circle or a ring. Something like that.

Then you create an html-tags structure, like this.

<div class="box">
<div class="corners top"><div class="left"></div><div class="right"></div></div>

<div class="data">
Your text goes here

<div class="corners bottom"><div class="left"></div><div class="right"></div></div>

It is not necessary to have the middle, but it will provide you move flexibility for css-alterations in future, so you'd better have it in there.

And eventually you write some piece of css-code. {
padding: 8px;
} div.corners div {
height: 8px;
width: 8px;
position: relative;
float: left;
margin-top: -8px;
margin-left: -8px;
margin-right: -8px;
background: url('corners_image.gif') no-repeat 0 0;
} div.bottom div { margin-top: 0; } div.corners div.right {
float: right;
background-position: 100% 100%;
} div.right { background-position: 100% 0; } div.bottom div.left { background-position: 0 100%; }

The stylesheet uses the images shading technique and displays a quoter of the image for each corner, so the pixel sizes in style definition should be equal to a quoter of your corners image. And the box by itself has some nice padding of the same size, so the box was looking visually correct and fit the corners.

This is pretty much it.

Why Do It Like That?

Well. There are several reasons.

a) It gets down the number of server requests to the server. For such tiny images, the actual loading time is the time of request and response to the server. So making it one image instead of four you make your page loading faster and don't bother your server.

b) When you have one image, you don't need to deal with each corner separately, you can unify and compact the styles, and then if you need, you can replace all the corners really easy but replacing just one image. It provides you really good flexibility in terms of css-based design. Take a look in here One Image Corners Example, I've created some demo for you. See how it's easy alterable for various cases. You just change the background color and image url and have another box ready to go.

c) With such approach in most cases your boxes will be still looking consistent if there is some problem with the image loading. User doesn't see unprofessionally looking cases when you have four separated images and one of them was lost or just when they are getting loading one by one. With one image the user will have all the corners at once, and if the image was lost, he will still see appropriate looking box on the page.

PS: If you need transparent backgrounds at the outer angles of the corners, you can have them on the same exact tags structure, but you will need some additional mambo jumbo in your stylesheet, which I didn't intend to cover in the article. But in 99.9% of good modern designs you won't need that anyway.

PPS: This certain css example does not work correctly on IE6, although it is entirely possible to make it working there, just I don't want to spend my free time on that zombie. If you need to support it you just put some additional adjustments into you css file with IE patches.


学习 said...

Not working in IE6. :(

robert said...

no one cares that it doesn't work in ie6. Its a dead browser get over it. furthermore it shouldn't continue to be supported by web developers because thats like saying we hate your browser but we'll continue to support it, so continue to use it and ignore updates for the next couple of years. If someone doesn't want to update they can deal with crap.

Nikolay V. Nemshilov aka St. said...

robert +1

wildan rachman said...

nice technique !! thx for sharing :)